Diabetes is a lifelong condition that affects nearly 25.8 million people in the U.S.
- Choose foods that are lower in calories, saturated fat, trans fat, sugar, and salt.
- Eat foods with more fiber, such as whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice and pasta.
- When eating a meal, fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables, one quarter with a lean protein, and one quarter with a whole grain.
- Set a goal to be active most days of the week.
- Work to increase your muscle strength twice a week.
- Stay at a healthy weight by eating a balanced diet and being more active.
Keep a Daily Routine
- Take your medicines for diabetes and any other health problems even when you feel well.
- Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, red spots, and swelling. Call your physician right away about any sores that do not go away.
- Stop smoking.
- Keep track of your blood sugar. You may want to check it one or more times a day.
See Your Physician at Least Twice a Year
- At each visit, check your blood pressure, feet, and weight. Also, review your self-care plan.
- Have your A1c checked twice a year, or more often if it is over 7.
- Once a year have a cholesterol test, triglyceride test, complete foot exam, dental exam, dialated eye exam, flu shot, and a urine and blood test to check kidney function.
Learn how to cope with and lower your stress level. Stress can raise blood sugar levels and contribute to insulin resistance. It’s very important to keep your stress levels controlled for proper diabetes management.
Identify stressors in your life and minimize them, or remove them if possible. Try walking, deep breathing, yoga, listening to music, or a hobby you find relaxing. Also, make sure you’re getting enough quality sleep each night.